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Why does the moon change shape during the month?

Actually, it doesn’t. The moon stays the same shape all the time. It is a sphere, just like earth. The moon rotates around the earth while the earth rotates around the sun. It takes 28 days for the moon to go around the earth, and 365 days for the earth to go once around the sun.
Back to the changing shapes of the moon: the reason it looks like a giant ball sometimes, and like a thin fingernail at other times is because of the sun! The moon has no light of its own, but the sun’s light shines on it and causes a reflection. The moon reflects different amounts of light from the sun depending on where it is as it rotates around the earth. Only the part of the moon that is lit by the sun is visible to us. We can’t see the rest of it, even though it’s there the whole time! n. It takes 28 days for the moon to go around the earth, and 365 days for the earth to go once around the sun.
Back to the changing shapes of the moon: the reason it looks like a giant ball sometimes, and like a thin fingernail at other times is because of the sun! The moon has no light of its own, but the sun’s light shines on it and causes a reflection. The moon reflects different amounts of light from the sun depending on where it is as it rotates around the earth. Only the part of the moon that is lit by the sun is visible to us. We can’t see the rest of it, even though it’s there the whole time!

 

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